The relationship between Europe and Africa is complex and has a long and unique history. It is an intense relationship rooted in economic, political, social, institutional and cultural ties interaction, characterized by a series of different phases and by multiple layers concerning the countries involved. What is the role that young people play in the Africa-EU Partnership? How has it evolved over time? What are the perspectives? These are the main questions addressed in the paper.
The panel discussed China’s relations with the US, Belt and Road initiative, as well as its role in the currently shaping new global order.
Odessa was - again - the place where this year International Neighborhood Symposium took place - organized by Prof. Dimitrios Triantaphyllou of the Kadir Has University Istanbul and co-sponsored by the IIP.
Odessa is a good place to speak about a Europe which is non-nationalistic and comprehensive especially including East and West. Odessa, which is as such relatively young (founded in 1794) had been planned and built upon the basis of ideas of architects and politicians from many different countries. Furthermore, it had its best times when it comprised people with very different cultural, religious and language background. These were also the times of flourishing commercial exchanges. The worst times came with nationalism, ideological narrowness, war, and ethnic cleansing. Especially the Jews have been the victims of these times, but not only them.
Drums of a war are beating loudly again, in the Middle East.
On one side stands the military power of the USA and its regional allies; on the other side, the leadership of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Escalating tensions could, in the worst- case scenario, —intentionally or unintentionally —, spark a new war in the region. The world is still suffering from the consequences of the war in Iraq in 2003, which was launched based on false claims and assumptions.
Invited by the EU Commission to attend the celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Eastern Partnership between the EU and six countries in its Eastern Neighborhood (Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan), I could see all the strengths and weaknesses of the EU. The EU invited all these countries ten years ago to come closer to the EU in a negotiated framework. The EU did not promise future membership. The idea was to make these countries accept political principles and economic rules in exchange for economic benefits. The Eastern partners were supposed to liberalize their political systems, accepting and promoting fundamental rights and freedoms. The EU insisted also on the liberalization of trade and on the mutual opening of markets. Financial support in exchange for reform processes would be the contribution of the EU.