International and European Security as well as disarmament and non-proliferation are crucial for the prevention of violent conflicts and wars and ultimately for (re)gaining peace. Recent developments on the world stage concerning proliferation, arms deals, the weakening of the INF treaty, the use of outlawed weapons like anti-personnel mines and other b&c weapons are of great concern for collective security. On the other hand, in 2017, 122 states signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. Even though it was boycotted by the nuclear states, it not only has symbolic character, but also sets a trend for the majority of states who see the deterrence argument ambivalently and who try not to split nuclear from conventional weapons – noting that both have devastating effects for the civil population. A nuclear escalation between Pakistan and India, North Korea and its enemies would have terrible effects, but this is also true for the many wars fought with conventional weapons as in Syria, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ukraine or Libya.
On the other hand, regional organisations like the OSCE and NATO face several internal and external challenges. Trust between member states is low and a structured dialogue necessary for reaching its aims peacefully. The UNO is still the only international and collective security organisation but it also fails to ensure security and peace due to the power constellations within the security council, but also due to different forms of nowadays conflicts, which tend to be more asymmetrically than before.
The IIP tries to address these issues via policy papers, conferences, workshops, public events, book publications and exchange of ideas in order to support a new European and international security architecture which ultimately aims at peace.